Spain’s army has not forgotten what went wrong during the 1936 coup attempt (or the coup attempt of 1981). The Far-Right factions in the secret service and the police would be used to neutralise government ministers first and foremost. Possibly there would still be a power struggle to an extent but not a protracted civil war, or the coup could simply go swiftly.
16 new cardinal electors have been announced for August, it will actually raise the number of electors to 132 (12 beyond the limit).
The Convulsionnaires were an extremely strange and fascinating movement that rocked France during the eighteenth century that slowly fizzled out in the nineteenth century, although one branch lasted into the twentieth century and continued till today. It is a strange movement it that it started off as simple a very devout section of the Jansenist …
While Pope Saint Pius X and Pope Benedict XV simply continued and according to some even moderate Pope Leo XIII’s stance in favour of moderate/conservative Capitalism, Pope Pius XI expanded on and even altered the emphasis of Catholic social teachings in 1931 with Quadragesimo Anno. The encyclical, which came in the midst of the Great Depression is extremely fascinating today both for the various ideologies it condemned, the economic options it left open and for the historical impact it had.
A lot of people speak of Catholic social teachings, with many suggesting the Church specifically endorses a third way between capitalism and socialism, some thinking it specifically endorses distributism and again others seem to think it leans left and is basically social democracy.